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Brachymeria kassalensis (Kirby)

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Chalcididae; Subfamily: Chalcidinae; Tribe: Brachymeriini; Genus: Brachymeria)

Chalcis kassalensis Kirby, 1886. Type in: the Natural History Museum, London (BMNH). Type locality. Sudan.

Classification


Brachymeria kassalensis emerging from pupa of Acraea horta (Nymphalidae). Photographs Peter Webb (Pretoria, South Africa).


Video of Brachymeria kassalensis flying around pupa of Acraea horta (Nymphalidae). Video Justin Bode.


Distribution Ethiopia, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan. Also Oriental region (India) and Palaearctic region (Israel).
Biology Primary parasitoid of butterfly and moth larva/pupa (Lepidoptera): Utetheisa pulchella (Arctiidae), Pelopidas mathias (Hesperiidae), Anomis flava (Noctuidae), Autographa gamma (Noctuidae), Earias species (Nolidae), Acraea horta (Nymphalidae), Vanessa cardui (Nymphalidae), Haritalodes derogata Pyralidae), Choerocampa species (Sphingidae), or secondary parasitoid of Exorista fasciata (Tachinidae; Diptera) parasitizing Lepidoptera.

References

Bouček, Z. 1974, On some Chalcididae and Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera), with descriptions of new genera and species from Africa and one species from Asia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 37(2): 327-330.

Cameron, P. 1905, On the Hymenoptera of the Albany Museum. (Third paper) Record of the Albany Museum 1: 297-314.

Cameron, P. 1907, Descriptions of species of parasitic Hymenoptera, chiefly in the collections of the South African Museum, Cape Town. (Second paper) Annals of the South African Museum 5: 203-225.

Fabricius, J.C. 1787, Mantissa Insectorum sistens species nuper detectas 1:272 Copenhagen Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Kieffer, J.J. 1905, Neue Eucharinae und Chalcidinae. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 49:262

Schmitz, G. 1946, Chalcididae de l'Afrique Central. Exploration du Parc National Albert, Mission G.F. de Witte Fas. 48:54 Congo Belge, Inst. Parcs. Nat. Albert, Mission G.F. de Witte.

Credits

Photographs Peter Webb (Pretoria, South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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