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Braconidae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea)

ClassificationIdentification keys

  Acampsohelconinae

Agathidinae

Alysiinae

Amicrocentrinae

Aphidiinae

  Blacinae
  Brachistinae

Braconinae

 

Cardiochilinae

Charmontinae

Cheloninae

 

Dirrhopinae

Doryctinae

Ecnomiinae

Euphorinae

  Exothecinae
 

Gnamptodontinae

 

Helconinae

 

Homolobinae

  Hormiinae
 

Ichneutinae

Khoikhoiinae

  Lysiterminae
 

Macrocentrinae

 

Meteorideinae

Apanteles_nigrofemoratus_habitus

Microgastrinae

 

Miracinae

Opiinae

 

Orgilinae

  Pambolinae
  Rhysipolinae
Rhyssalinae

Rogadinae

 

Sigalphinae

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Koinobiont or idiobiont endoparasitoids of insect immature stages or adults. Most commonly larva of Lepidoptera and Coleoptera, but also Hemiptera nymphs and adults; Orthoptera and Psocoptera nymphs; adult Hymenoptera, Coleoptera and Chrysopidae; Symphyta larvae; Diptera larva; Isoptera and Embioptera.

References

Quicke, D. L. 2014. The Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps: Biology, Systematics, Evolution and Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 704 pages.

Quicke, D.L.J. & van Achterberg, C. 1990. Phylogeny of the subfamilies of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 258, 1–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.1992.tb00068.x

Sharkey, M.J. 1993. Family Braconidae (pp. 362-395). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Wharton, R.A., Marsh, P.M. & Sharkey, M.J., Eds. 1997. Manual of the new world genera of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). The International Society of Hymenopterists, Washington DC, USA, 395 pp.

Whitfield, J.B., Austin, A.D. & Fernandez-Triana J.L. 2018. Systematics, biology, and evolution of Microgastrine parasitoid wasps. Annual Review of Entomology 63: 389 - 406. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-020117-043405

Yu, D.S., Achterberg, van C. & Horstman, K. 2012. Taxapad 2012, World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Database on flash-drive. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Yves Braet or Mike Sharkey (University of Kentucky) or © Kees van Achterberg (Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden) or Pascal Rousse (Iziko South African Musuem) or by Agničle Touret-Alby © MNHN, Visit the MNHN database http://coldb.mnhn.fr


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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